There are many different levels of management and/or supervision in law enforcement agencies. “When city police were first established their only contact with their departments was face-to-face meetings or messengers” (Bennett, Hess, & Meier, 2007). As the country grew and society became more complex, federal and state agencies were created to satisfy needs that were not being met at the local level. In 1789, Congress begin to create several federal law enforcement agencies. The earliest law enforcement agencies consisted of the U.S. Marshals, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, The Secret Service, and The Internal Revenue Service.

One of Saint Leo University’s Core Values is Community. Saint Leo University fosters a spirit of belonging, unity, and interdependence, which is based on mutual trust and respect, in an effort to create socially responsible environments that encourages all of us to listen, learn, to change, and to serve. As it relates to the function(s) of being an officer, communities play a major role in the process. Local law enforcement agencies are not prepared in staff and supplies. The lagging economy and the increase in requirements for homeland security equipment has caused law enforcement agencies to have little money left to pay officers’ salaries (Hamilton., 2004). Some solutions to personnel shortages may seem extreme, but the operation must still go on.


Bennett, W., M. Hess, C. Meir (2007), Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal

Justice, 5th Edition

Hamilton, M. (2004), Police Magazine: “The Money Crunch: Staffing Coverage”


Management and Supervision in Law Enforcement